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Interactive data visualizations of antibiotic use and resistance in North America and Europe
A round-up of news on drug resistance and other topics in global health.
The Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy (IATP) releases a new report on the unrestricted use of antibiotics in ethanol production in the United States. The report documents how “ethanol producers routinely add antibiotics,” including penicillin, erythromycin, virginiamycin, and tylosin to fermentation tanks in order to prevent bacterial outbreaks in their facilities. Food Safety News reports on the Congressional response to the IATP publication.
Missed the launch of the WHO book, The evolving threat of antimicrobial resistance - Options for action? Video and presentations from the event are now available on the WHO website.
The Pew Campaign on Human Health and Industrial Farming holds a “Supermoms against Superbugs” event in Washington, DC.
The Times of India reports on a nearly six-fold increase in retail carbapenem antibiotic sales in India from 2005 to 2010. Carbapenems are considered a last line of defense against multi-drug resistant infections caused by gram-negative bacteria. The story uses data from a CDDEP graphic on trends in retail carbapenem sales across five regions.
A study of neonatal sepsis caused by E. coli finds that levels of resistance to gentamicin, piperacillin, and tobramycin increased significantly between 2000 and 2008.
Research presented at a Society for Investigative Dermatology meeting suggests that some MRSA skin and soft tissue infections may revert to being susceptible to methicillin.
Could a technology originally developed to reduce the size of computer chips also hold a key to creating novel broad-spectrum antimicrobials?
An essay in the Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy describes the “ticking time bomb” of drug resistant gonorrhea.
A study in the Archives of Internal Medicine compares the effectiveness of Lactobacilli and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole in preventing recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs) in post-menopausal women. Although prophylactic Lactobacilli is an appealing option because it does not contribute to the development of antibiotic resistance, it was found to be less effective in preventing recurrent UTIs.
The Joint Commission releases a new monograph: Preventing Central Line-Associated Infections: A Global Challenge, A Global Perspective.
An examination of surgical site infection reporting in New York suggests that audits are necessary to ensure that quality data is reported to NHSN.
The FDA is often criticized for its slow drug approval process, but research published in the New England Journal of Medicine finds that the agency clears new drugs more quickly than its counterparts in Europe and Canada.
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Image credit: Flickr: KOMUnews