Alcohol and Tobacco


Alcohol and Tobacco

Director and Senior Fellow

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Ramanan Laxminarayan directs the Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics & Policy.  He is also a visiting scholar and lecturer at Princeton University. His research deals with the integration of epidemiological models of infectious diseases and drug resistance into the economic analysis of public health problems.


Alcohol and Tobacco

Former Senior Research Analyst

Shawn Magnuson's work focuses on tobacco policies and malaria. His interest in addressing international public health problems in innovative ways led him to work at CDDEP. He earned bachelor's degrees in Economics and Anthropology at the University of Maryland. His prior work covered international development, HIV/AIDS and economic policy analysis. At CDDEP, he has contributed to projects related to tobacco policy, modeling bacteria, meningitis and other areas. On the soccer field, he is a fearsome and prolific goal scorer.


Alcohol and Tobacco

Web Developer

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Lipsum

NBER Working Paper Series | November 2011 | pg.

Research Area: Alcohol and Tobacco | Region: South Asia
Type: Article
The Question

How would taxing cigarettes and bidis affect smoking rates in India?  How do socioeconomic factors affect the impact of such taxes?


19 May 2011
Andrea Titus

CDDEP board member Sir Richard Peto has been named the 2011 recipient of BMJ’s Lifetime Achievement Award for having “contributed much to the decrease in neoplastic, vascular, and respiratory mortality from smoking, both in the UK and elsewhere.”

Alcohol and Tobacco
costs, health

9 Dec 2010
Andrea Titus

The Surgeon General’s office has released its 30th report on the health effects of tobacco, finding that exposure to tobacco smoke—mainstream or secondhand--causes immediate bodily damage.  The report cites tobacco use as the “leading preventable cause of premature death in the United States,” resulting in approximately 443,000 deaths annually and costing the U.S. health system more than $193 billion.

Alcohol and Tobacco
health

Health Economics (13) 12
December 2004 | pg. 1191-1201

Research Area: Alcohol and Tobacco | Region: East Asia and Pacific
Type: Article
The Question

How do cigarette prices affect smoking prevalence in developing countries, given the option of rustic tobacco alternatives?

What We Found

Higher cigarette prices may only divert cigarette smokers to rustic tobacco rather than leading them to quit.

Why It Matters

Taxing cigarettes may not be an effective policy in developing countries.


Resources 173
Fall 2009 | pg. 22-24

Research Area: Alcohol and Tobacco | Region: North America
Type: Brief
The Question

Federal and state alcohol taxes have fallen from about 22% to about 10% of retail price. Is it time to reverse this declining trend and substantially raise tax rates?

What We Found

Alcohol taxes have a valuable role to play in deterring drunk driving. Tripling alcohol taxes from 10 to 30% would reduce consumption by about 8 to 15% and raise about $20 billion per year in government revenue.

Why It Matters

An alcohol tax of roughly three times the current level might be justified on economic efficiency grounds, and perhaps more if alcohol consumption negatively impacts workplace productivity. But this depends on productive use of revenues, and assumes continued failure to severely punish drunk drivers.


Regulation (32) 3
Fall 2009 | pg. 10-13

Research Area: Alcohol and Tobacco | Region: North America
Type: Brief

The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy (9) 1
July 16, 2009 | pg.

Research Area: Alcohol and Tobacco | Region: North America
Type: Article
The Question

What are the optimal levels of alcohol taxes and drunk driver penalties in terms of their effects on reducing drunk driving and overall welfare?

What We Found

Compared to a drunk driver penalty that has an equal effect on reducing drunk driving, an alcohol tax will create higher overall welfare gains due to the government revenue it generates.

Why It Matters

Alcohol taxes are currently far below their optimal levels in most cases.