South Asia

Early Childhood Nutrition Is Positively Associated with Adolescent Educational Outcomes: Evidence from the Andhra Pradesh Child and Parents Study (APCAPS)

Does India’s Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS), which provides daily supplemental nutrition and an array of services such as immunization and health checkups to pregnant women and under-6 children, affect educational outcomes of children later in life?


Consumption of select key retail antibiotics in the United States and India in 2010

Ever since antibiotics were made widely accessible by mass production in the 1940's, their use has increased significantly each decade. However, along with this increase in use, antibiotic effectiveness has also declined. A recent study done by CDDEP showed that global sales of antibiotics for human consumption increased 36% between 2000 and 2011, with Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa accounting for 76% of the increase.

Changes in antibiotic consumption for selected countries, 2000-2010

Column graph shows percent change in antibiotic consumption for selected countries from 2000-2010; BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa) countries show the highest percentage change. Most countries showing a decrease or maintenance in consumption are high-income countries. Data sourced from Van Boeckel et al, 2014: "Global Antibiotic Consumption 2000 to 2010: An Analysis of National Pharmaceutical Sales Data."


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