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Center For Disease Dynamics, Economics & Policy

Press Releases

March 23, 2022- CDDEP researchers reveal birth weight’s impact on cognitive development during childhood.

  • CDDEP researchers show that low-birth-weight infants experience lower test scores compared with normal birth weight infants. Health policies designed to improve birth weight could improve human capital in resource-poor settings.

March 9, 2022- CDDEP researchers reveal some antimicrobial prescribing among infants may be prevented with effective maternal vaccines.

  • CDDEP researchers reveal maternal immunization against respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) would decrease lower respiratory tract infections in young infants and mitigate antimicrobial prescribing.

February 3, 2022- CDDEP researchers show vaccination against typhoid fever could help avert antimicrobial resistance.

  • CDDEP researchers and other experts in the field predict that the first typhoid conjugate vaccine (TCV) could avert 46-74% of typhoid fever cases.

February 23, 2021 – CDDEP releases “Infectious Diseases in the South-East Asia Region” report.

  • CDDEP researchers, in collaboration with experts in the field, release “Infectious Diseases in the South-East Asia Region“, highlighting the tremendous burden of avertable infectious diseases in the region.

February 03, 2021 – CDDEP releases “The State of the World’s Antibiotics in 2021” report

  • The State of the World’s Antibiotics in 2021 highlights the growing threat of antimicrobial resistance against a backdrop of increasing antibiotic consumption. This report introduces country-level dashboards that capture progress on indicators that track AMR and show what remains to be done to decrease the need for antibiotics and their inappropriate use.

November 24, 2020 – CDDEP’s Director, Dr. Ramanan Laxminarayan, named a Fellow of The American Association for the Advancement of Science

  • CDDEP’s Director, Dr. Ramanan Laxminarayan, has been named a Fellow of The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) for his distinguished contributions to the field of Economic Epidemiology, with particular reference to the spread and control of Antimicrobial Resistance

September 30, 2020 – Largest contact tracing study to date published in Science finds that children are active transmitters of COVID-19

  • A study led by CDDEP, and a collaboration between a team of researchers from University of California, Berkeley, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Princeton, and the Government of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh, investigated disease transmission patterns in 575,071 individuals exposed to 84,965 confirmed cases of COVID-19. The study, based on data collected by tens of thousands of contact tracers in the states of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu is the largest and most comprehensive analysis of COVID-19 epidemiology to date.

July 28, 2020- Increasing global consumption of Watch antibiotics reflects stewardship challenges

  • Researchers at CDDEP, Johns Hopkins University, St. George’s University of London, and Washington University School of Medicine analyzed global trends of antibiotic consumption in each WHO AWaRe category over 15 years.

June 10, 2020- Flu vaccine coverage linked to reduced antibiotic prescribing

  • Researchers at CDDEP, Johns Hopkins University, and the University of Maryland School of Medicine assessed the impact of influenza vaccination coverage on state-level antibiotic prescribing rates in the United States between 2010 and 2017.

April  5, 2020- Pooled COVID-19 tests could help scale up testing and identify & contain disease hotspots

  • Researchers at Texas A&M University, CDDEP, and Princeton assessed the feasibility of pooled RT-PCR testing to vastly increase testing for Covid-19.

March 10, 2020- Routine childhood vaccination linked to improved schooling among adults in India

  • Researchers at CDDEP, Sam Houston State University, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health assessed the effect of routine childhood vaccination on schooling attainment among adults in India.

September 19, 2019- Landmark Science study: Increasing global antibiotic resistance in food animals requires immediate action

  • In a first, researchers from CDDEP, ETH Zurich, Princeton University, and Université Libre de Bruxelles mapped global trends in antimicrobial resistance rates among food animals in low- and middle-income countries between 2000 and 2018. 

June 20, 2019- Measles vaccination linked with health, cognition, and schooling benefits among children in LMICs

  • Researchers at CDDEP, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, the University of Pennsylvania, RTI International, and Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health assessed the long-term associations of measles vaccination and child anthropometry, cognition, and schooling outcomes in Ethiopia, India, and Vietnam.

June 12, 2019- Hib vaccine linked with better health, cognition, and schooling outcomes in Indian children

  • Researchers at CDDEP, the University of California, Riverside and Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health assessed the long-term associations of the Hib vaccine with anthropometric, cognitive, and schooling outcomes among Indian children.

April 17, 2019 – Tracking Global Trends in the Effectiveness of Antibiotic Therapy Using the Drug Resistance Index

  • Using a stock-market type index, CDDEP researchers find large disparities in the effectiveness of antibiotic therapies worldwide.

April 12, 2019 – Increased Taxation on Tobacco, Alcohol, and Sugar-Sweetened Beverages Estimated to Save Millions of Lives

  • Researchers at CDDEP, working with the Task Force on Fiscal Policy for Health co-chaired by Michael Bloomberg and Larry Summers, estimate number of deaths averted and years of life gained from a tax increase on tobacco, alcohol, and sugar sweetened beverages.

April 11, 2019 – Access Barriers to Antibiotics

  • CDDEP researchers conducted stakeholder interviews in Uganda, India, and Germany, and literature reviews to identify key access barriers to antibiotics in low-, middle-, and high-income countries. The report makes several recommendations proposing action on antibiotic and diagnostics research and development, strengthening regulatory capacities, encouraging the development and diversification of quality local manufacturing, exploring innovative funding to reduce out-of-pockets payments, raising awareness, and improving clinical treatment guidelines. 

March 11, 2019 – Subsidies for infection control to healthcare institutions can help reduce infection levels

  • CDDEP and Princeton University researchers demonstrated that a dollar-for-dollar matching subsidy was effective at reducing the number of hospital-acquired infections, in a mathematical modelling study.

February 25, 2019 – India’s integrated child development program leads to increased educational attainment among adolescents and adults

  • Supplemental nutrition and other health services during the first three years of life led to the completion of 0.1–0.3 more grades of schooling, CDDEP researchers find.

February 12, 2019 – Investing in antibiotics critical to saving lives during pandemic influenza outbreaks

  • CDDEP researchers find that the availability of an effective antibiotic that can treat Staphylococcus aureus infections effectively during a pandemic influenza outbreak is worth over $3 billion.

December 17, 2018 – Researchers develop global checklist for hospital antimicrobial stewardship program

  • CDDEP researchers lead development of an evidence-based and globally applicable checklist for antimicrobial stewardship programs.

November 21, 2018 – The efficacy of antibiotic prophylaxis for surgical procedures

  • CDDEP study finds that antibiotics have become less effective at preventing surgical site infections after colorectal surgery.

November 16, 2018 – Drug resistant infections associated with higher in-hospital mortality rates in India

  • CDDEP study finds multi- and extensively drug resistant bacterial infections, especially Gram-negative infections, pose a significant risk to patients.

October 16, 2018 – Research assesses geographic distribution of new antibiotics following market introduction

  • None of the 25 new antibiotics registered between 1999 and 2015 targeted the most daunting infections caused by Gram-negative bacteria.

September 6, 2018 – Good governance, clean water, & sanitation necessary to curb global antibiotic resistance

  • New analysis shows countries with higher corruption and less spending on public health infrastructure have higher rates of antibiotic resistance.

August 6, 2018 – Researchers detail variation in costs of child vaccination program in Indian states

  • Accurate and current costs of delivering routine childhood vaccines in India are needed to budget for future growth.

May 31, 2018 – Perception that antibiotics are harmless is widespread

  • A study of decision-making about the use of antibiotics in medicine has found that the mistaken belief that antibiotics are harmless is widespread, especially among patients.

May 14, 2018 – Treatment for MRSA no longer more costly than for susceptible Staph aureus infections

  • Infections caused by one of the most common drug resistant bacteria in the US, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, are no more expensive to treat than the methicillin-susceptible version of the same bacteria.

May 02, 2018 – Mixed progress on drug resistance in A. baumannii infections in children

  • An overall increase from 1999 is balanced by modest improvement since 2008.

July 27, 2017 – Serious MRSA-related infections not declining, despite overall MRSA decline

  • CDDEP study shows hospitalizations due to severe MRSA-related infections hospitalizations have not decreased, despite overall falling rate of MRSA-related infections.

July 20, 2017 – High prevalence of antibiotic-resistance in Indian poultry farms raises global concerns about farming practices

  • As use of growth-promoting antibiotics in animal farming increases worldwide, new CDDEP study warns of potentially disastrous consequences to human health.

June 21, 2017 – Risk perception drives clinician decisions to prescribe antibiotics

  • Researchers at CDDEP, Cornell University, and The George Washington University reveal psychology behind why clinicians prescribe antibiotics that may not be needed.

June 6, 2017 – WHO Updates Model List of Essential Medicines

  • CDDEP Expert Participates in Review Panel for Antibacterials.

May 11, 2017 – Similar rates of antimicrobial resistance in tertiary care hospitals and community hospitals

  • Increasing antimicrobial resistance trends in both settings indicates continued need to improve infection control and antimicrobial stewardship.

April 12, 2017 – South Asia unprepared to address emerging infectious diseases

  • Experts indicate South Asia is unprepared to address emerging, epidemic and spreading endemic pathogens, risking millions of lives and substantial economic potential.

March 21, 2017 – New approach estimates tuberculosis burden in India, models transmission dynamics of urban and rural regions

  • Improved estimates of tuberculosis incidence are urgently needed to support effective control programs.

Diptheria-Pertussis-Tetanus vaccine participation among Indian children, study identifies major influences

  • Parents’ education and healthcare access affect diphtheria-pertussis-tetanus (DPT) vaccine uptake among children in India.


For earlier releases, please contact [email protected].