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Center For Disease Dynamics, Economics & Policy

African Antibiotic Treatment Guidelines

African Antibiotic Treatment Guidelines

CDDEP and the Africa Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) convened an interdisciplinary panel of infectious disease clinicians and public health experts from across Africa Union (AU) member states to develop the first edition of the African Antibiotic Treatment Guidelines for Common Bacterial Infections and Syndromes (1-4).

The guidelines fill a critical gap in providing healthcare workers across the African continent with expert recommendations for antimicrobial selection, dosage, and duration of treatment for common bacterial infections and syndromes.

A previous review found that only 20 (36%) of 55 AU member states had published standard treatment guidelines that contained disease-, syndrome- or pathogen-specific treatment recommendations (5). Across those guidelines, recommendations for clinical treatment with antimicrobials varied drastically and no guidelines stated that they developed their treatment guidelines based on local disease or antimicrobial resistance data.

This work was supported by the Training Programs in Epidemiology and Public Health Interventions Network (TEPHINET).

The guidelines and quick reference guides in Arabic, English, French, Portuguese, and Spanish are available for download here (1-3).

Publications:

  1. Africa Centres for Disease Control and Prevention and Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics & Policy. (2021). African Antibiotic Treatment Guidelines for Common Bacterial Infections and Syndromes- First Edition. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Available from: https://africaguidelines.cddep.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/11/Guidelines_Adults_Peds_English.pdf
  2. Africa Centres for Disease Control and Prevention and Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics & Policy. (2021). African Antibiotic Treatment Guidelines for Common Bacterial Infections and Syndromes, Recommended Antibiotic Treatments in Adult Patients: Quick Reference Booklet. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Available from: https://africaguidelines.cddep.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/11/Quick-Reference-Guide_Adults_English.pdf
  3. Africa Centres for Disease Control and Prevention and Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics & Policy. (2021). African Antibiotic Treatment Guidelines for Common Bacterial Infections and Syndromes, Recommended Antibiotic Treatments in Neonatal and Pediatric Patients: Quick Reference Booklet. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Available from: https://africaguidelines.cddep.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/11/Quick-Reference-Guide_Peds_English.pdf
  4. Craig, J., Frost, I., Sriram, A., Nuttall, J., Kapoor, G., Alimi, Y. & Varma, JK. (2021). Development of the first edition of African treatment guidelines for common bacterial infections and syndromes Journal of Public Health in Africa; 12:2009.
  5. Craig, J., Hiban, K., Frost, I., Kapoor, G., Alimi, Y. & Varma, JK. (2021). Comparison of national antimicrobial treatment guidelines, African Union. WHO Bulletin. Available from: https://cdn.who.int/media/docs/default-source/bulletin/online-first/blt-21-286689.pdf?sfvrsn=5db5f34f_12