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Center For Disease Dynamics, Economics & Policy

An Exploratory Pilot Study on Knowledge, Attitudes, and Perceptions Concerning Antimicrobial Resistance and Antibiotic Use Practices among Hospital Staff in Kenya

The Question

What are thegeneral perceptions of antimicrobial resistance and antibiotic use amonghospital staff in Kenya?

What we found

A largemajority of those interviewed perceived antibiotic resistance as an importantnational issue, but less people viewed it as a problem in their own hospitals.Overall, those interviewed understood the consequences of antimicrobialresistance but this knowledge was not applied rigorously in daily operations ofthe facility. 

Why it matters

Thispreliminary study uncovered significant gaps in perception of the gravity ofantibacterial resistance among hospital staff in Kenya.  It is important to promote education about theimplications of antibiotic use and the results of the study may help createfurther observational studies and policies aimed to strengthen antibioticeducation.